Canadian National Parks Association Collection

Primary source documents were found in the collections of 16 individuals and organizations in six archives:

        National Archives of Canada (NAC)

o       RG12 Department of Transport

o       RG29 Department of Health

o       RG39 Department of Forestry

o       RG84 National Parks Bureau

o       MG28 I25 National Council of Women of Canada

o       MG30 D45 John Wesley Dafoe

        Provincial Archives of Alberta (PAA)

o       Charles Henry Grant

        British Columbia Archives (BCA)

o       MS-0677 Frederick Victor Longstaff  

o       MS-1095 Frederick Charles Bell  

        Glenbow Alberta Institute Archives (GAIA)

o       M1703 Womenís Canadian Club of Calgary

o       M2169 Canadian Hostelling Association

o       M2210 Western Canada Coal Operatorsí Association

o       M4797 Alpine Club of Canada

        University of Alberta Archives (UAA)

o       William Pearce  

        Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies Archives (WMCRA)

o       Alpine Club of Canada  

o       Fred C. and Marcella E. Bell

 

Secondary source materials that were useful in this project were:

Alpine Club of Canada. (1923). Alpine Club of Canada Eighteenth Annual Camp.

Annual meeting, 1923. (1923). Canadian Alpine Journal, 13, 146-147.

Baranowski, S. (2001). Strength through Joy: Tourism and national integration in the Third Reich. In S. Baranowski & E.Hurlough (Eds.) Being elsewhere: Tourism, consumer culture, and identity in modern Europe and North America (pp. 213-236).Ann Arbour: The University of Michigan Press.

Bella, L. (1987). Parks for profit. Montreal: Harvest House.

Bella, L., & Markham, S. (1984). Parks first: Patriotic Canadians from coast to coast in support of national parks and tributary highways. Recreation Canada, 42(5), 15-16.

Brown, R. C. (1970). The doctrine of usefulness: Natural resource and national park policy in Canada, 1887-1914. In J. G. Nelson & R. C. Scace (Eds.), Canadian parks in perspective (pp. 19-34). Montreal: Harvest House.

Byrne, A. R. (1968). Man and landscape change in Banff National Park. Ottawa: Parks Canada.

Canada. (1885). Order in Council No. 2197. Retrieved July 5, 2006 from http://www.collectionscanada.ca/archivianet/02015702_e.html

Canada. (1887). House of Commons Debates. May 3

Canada. (1887). Statutes of Canada. c. 32 Rocky Mountains Park Act.

Canadian Parks and Wilderness Association. (2004). CPAWS http://www.cpaws.org/

Dafoe, John Wesley. Records in MG30 D45, National Archives of Canada (NAC), Ottawa.

Elphinstone, D. (1990). Inglewood Bird Sanctuary: A place for all seasons. Calgary: Rocky Mountain Books.

Elphinstone, D. (1991, March 24). Dave Elphinstone's outdoors: Inglewood memorial to unknown Walker. Calgary Herald Sunday Magazine, 23.

Enter: National Parks Association of Canada. (1923, October 9). Bulletin of the National Parks Association.

Fraser, E. (1978). Wheeler. Banff: Summerthought, Ltd.

Friends of Banff. (2004). The Friends of Banff National Park. http://www.friendsofbanff.com/

Frost, E. C. (1945). Canadian national park resources. Unpublished masterís thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Griffiths, N. E. S. (1993) The splendid vision: Centennial history of the National Council of Women of Canada, 1893-1993. Ottawa: Carleton University Press

Harkin, J. B. (1957). The history and meaning of the national parks of Canada. Saskatoon: H.R. Larson Publishing Co.

Henderson, G. (1988). Looking back: The founding of the national and provincial parks Association of Canada and the people and events involved. Park News, 23(5), 4-6.

Henderson, G. (1994). James Bernard Harkin: The father of Canadian national parks. Borealis, 5(Fall), 28-33.

Higgins, D. J. H. (1986). Local and urban politics in Canada. Toronto: Gage Educational Publishing Company.

Johnston, M. E. (1985). A club with vision: The Alpine Club of Canada. Park News, 21(3), 6-10.

Johnston, M. E., & Marsh, J. S. (1986). The Alpine Club of Canada, conservation and parks, 1906 to1930. Canadian Alpine Journal, 69, 16-19.

LaForce, G. L. (1979). The Alpine Club of Canada, 1906 to 1929: Modernization, Canadian nationalism, and Anglo-Saxon mountaineering. Canadian Alpine Journal, 62, 39-47.

Longstaff, Frederick Victor. Records in MS-0677, British Columbia Archives, Victoria.

Lothian, W. F. (1976). A history of Canada's national parks: Volume I. Ottawa: Parks Canada.

Lothian, W. F. (1976). A history of Canada's national parks: Volume II. Ottawa: Parks Canada.

Lothian, W. F. (1987). A brief history of Canada's national parks. Ottawa: Environment Canada.

Luxton, E. G. (1975). Banff: Canada's first national park: A history and a memory of rocky mountains park. Banff: Summerthought Ltd.

Lynas, M. (1991). Interview.

MacEachern, A. A. (1997). In search of eastern beauty: Creating national parks in Atlantic Canada, 1935-1970. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Queen's University, Kingston.

MacEachern, A. A. (2001). Natural selections: National parks in Atlantic Canada, 1935-1970. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press.

MacEwan, G. (1989). Colonel James Walker: Man of the western frontier. Saskatoon: Western Producer Prairie Books.

Major W. J. Selby Walker. (1953). Canadian Alpine Journal, 36, 128-129.

Markham, S. E. (1994a). Advocates for National Recreation Services in the 1930's Well-being? Work? War?Ē  in F.I. Bell and G.H. Van Gyn (Eds.) Access to Active Living: Proceedings of 10th Commonwealth and International Scientific Congress, (pp. 87-92). Victoria, BC: U. of Victoria, 1994.

Markham, S. E. (1994b).The Canadian National Parks Association: Grass Roots Advocates for National Change. In F.I. Bell and G.H. Van Gyn (Eds.) Access to Active Living: Congress Program and Abstracts of 10th Commonwealth and International Scientific Congress (p. 124). Victoria: University of Victoria.

Markham, S. E. (1995a) Recreation and Sport as an Antidote to Economic Woes: The Great Depression in Canada. In N. Bouchier (ed.) North American Society for Sport History Proceedings (pp. 15-16). Hamilton, ON: McMaster University, 1995.

Markham, S. E. (1995b) The Early Years - 1944 to 1951. Recreation Canada 53 (3): 6-16.

Markham, S. E. (1998) The Canadian National Parks Association - Volunteer Advocates Trying to Form the Parks in their Own Image. In E. Hamilton-Smith (Ed.), Celebrating the Parks: Proceedings of the First Australian Symposium on Parks History (pp. 245-251). Melbourne, Australia: Rethink Consulting P/L.

Markham-Starr, S. E.(2000) Selby Walker and the Canadian National Parks Association: Protectors of the Banff Environment. In C. Parratt, Ed. North American Society for Sport History Proceedings (pp. 101-102). Iowa City: University of Iowa.

Marsh, J. S., & Hodgins, B. W. (Eds.). (1998). Changing parks: The history, future and cultural context of parks and heritage landscapes. Toronto: Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc.

McNamee, K. (1993). From wild places to endangered spaces: A history of Canada's national parks. In P. Dearden & R. Rollins (Eds.), Parks and protected areas in Canada: Planning and management. Don Mills: Oxford University Press.

Miles, J. C. (1995). Guardians of the parks: A history of the National Parks and Conservation Association. Washington: Taylor & Francis in cooperation with the National Parks and Conservation Association.

National and Provincial Parks Association of Canada. (2006) Finding aid for records at Trent University Archives. Retrieved July 7, 2006 from http://www.trentu.ca/library/archives/01-014.htm

National Council of Women of Canada. Records in MG28 I25, National Archives of Canada (NAC), Ottawa.

National Council of Women of Canada. (1926 to 1941). Yearbook.

National Parks Association of Canada. (1941 to 1950). National Parks Association Bulletin.

National Parks Conservation Association. (2006). Retrieved July 24, 2006, from http://www.npca.org/

Nicol, J. I. (1970). The national parks movement in Canada. In J. G. Nelson & R. C. Scace (Eds.), Canadian parks in perspective (pp. 19-34). Montreal: Harvest House.

Pross, A. P. (1992). Group politics and public policy (2nd ed.). Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Reichwein, P. (1994). Guardians of the Rockies. The Beaver, 74(4), 4-13.

Reichwein, P. (1995a). Beyond the visionary mountains: The Alpine Club of Canada and the Canadian national park idea, 1906 to 1969. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Carleton University, Ottawa.

Reichwein, P. (1995b). "Hands off our national parks": The Alpine Club of Canada and hydro-development controversies in the Canadian Rockies, 1922-1930. Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, 6, 129-155.

Reichwein, P. (1998). At the foot of the mountain: Preliminary thoughts on the Alpine Club of Canada, 1906-1950. In J. S. Marsh & B. W. Hodgins (Eds.), Changing parks: The history, future and cultural context of parks and heritage landscapes (pp. 160-176). Toronto: Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc.

Royal Society of Canada. (1923). Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 17.

Royal Society of Canada. (1924). Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 18.

Runte, A. (1997). National parks: The American experience (Third ed.). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Scace, R. C. (1968). Banff: A cultural-historical study of land use and management in a national park community to 1945. Ottawa: Parks Canada.

Strong-Boag, V. (1976) The parliament of women: The National Council of Women of Canada, 1893-1929. Ottawa: National Museum of Man.

Struna, N. (2001). Historical research in physical activity.  In J. R. Thomas & J. K. Nelson (Eds.), Research methods in physical activity (Fourth ed.) Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Turner, R. D. (1971). A comparison of national parks policy in Canada and the United States. Unpublished masterís thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.